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What Parents Should Know About Children's Investment Income



As a parent, it is important to be aware of your child's investment income and understand the key aspects associated with it. This knowledge will not only help you navigate the tax implications but also empower you to make informed decisions about your child's financial future. This information is being provided for informational purposes.  Please consult a tax advisor for more specific details.

  1. Reporting requirements: Parents should be aware that any investment income earned by their child may need to be reported on their tax return. This includes income from interest, dividends, and capital gains.
  2. Tax rates: The tax rate for investment income earned by a child may be different from the parent's tax rate. It is important to understand the tax rules and rates that apply to the child's income in order to accurately report and pay taxes on it.
  3. Kiddie tax rules: The kiddie tax rules apply to children who have substantial investment income. Under these rules, a child's investment income above a certain threshold is taxed at the parent's tax rate, rather than at the child's lower tax rate.
  4. Tax-exempt investments: Some investments, such as municipal bonds, may generate tax-exempt income. Parents should understand the tax implications of these types of investments in order to accurately report the child's income.
  5. Education savings accounts: Parents may choose to invest in education savings accounts, such as a 529 plan, for their child's future education expenses. These accounts offer tax advantages and it is important to understand the rules and regulations associated with these accounts.
  6. Long-term investing: Parents should consider the long-term investment goals for their child's investment income. Investing for the long term can provide greater growth potential and help meet future financial needs, such as college tuition or a down payment on a home.
  7. Diversification: It is important for parents to ensure that their child's investment portfolio is properly diversified. Diversification helps spread out risk and can lead to more stable long-term returns.
  8. Teaching financial literacy: Parents can use their child's investment income as an opportunity to teach them about financial literacy. Involving children in the investment process, such as explaining investment choices or reviewing investment statements, can help them develop valuable skills and knowledge about managing money. Challenge your child to complete our Youth Financial Education Modules and learn about Budgeting, Saving, and Investing.
  9. Balancing risk and reward: Parents should assess the risk tolerance of their child when making investment decisions. Understanding the potential risks and rewards of different investment options can help parents make informed choices on behalf of their child.
  10. Consulting a financial advisor: If parents are unsure about the best investment strategies for their child's income, it may be beneficial to consult with a financial advisor. A professional can provide guidance and help create a comprehensive investment plan tailored to the child's specific needs and goals.

APCI FCU is here to guide you and your children through life's journey. Learn more about our Kids Klub and Youth Savings account options, and view our Spring Treasure Chest Kids Klub Newsletter.


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